Finding the exact compound bow range at an effective travel distance can be impossible since it depends on the setup and environmental conditions. Nevertheless, compound bows typically have an estimated effective range of 30 to 60 yards.
The compound bow is powerful and capable enough to reach far-distance targets. As a result, more archers use a compound bow because it always satisfies, especially regarding ranges and technological advancement.
Unfortunately, a compound bow range isn’t black and white since not all compound bows have a similar setup. For instance, a newly released and more advanced compound bow introduced in the market may have a broader range than the ones developed years before.
Several factors also influence a compound bow’s range, making determining one definite answer for all compound bows challenging. Enumerated below are the following internal and external factors that may affect a bow’s range:
- Arrow weight
- Environmental conditions
- Draw weight
- Bow style
- Draw length
- Arrow Construction
- Bow material
Despite the factors above, several studies came up with an estimated compound bow range. Before anything else, it is essential to note that a bow’s ‘maximum range’ differs from its ‘effective range.’
A shooter’s effective range refers to the distance from which they can shoot the target consistently and precisely. It is also relatively smaller than the maximum range.
On the other hand, maximum range refers to the distance that your bow can shoot the arrow. Thus, your compound bow may miss the target’s vital points, so your chances of hitting the target bullseye are lower than when shooting at your effective range.
Generally, compound bows can reach a maximum range of about 135 to 350 yards and possibly more. As bow manufacturers produce more advanced compound bows, the ranges of newer models are likely higher than those made years prior.
Regarding effective range, compound bows can usually hit the target accurately and consistently at 30 to 60 yards. In the hands of an experienced archer, the effective range can reach up to 60 to 70 yards or more.
Nonetheless, the ‘effective range’ will always be smaller than the ‘maximum range’ because the farther the archer is from the target, the harder it is to shoot accurately.
That’s why archers should shoot within the effective range to hit the target bullseye or kill the target ethically for those into bowhunting.
Furthermore, 40 yards is the ideal range to kill a deer ethically and precisely in deer hunting. Therefore, shooting at your effective range rather than achieving the maximum range is feasible, especially for bowhunters.
How to calculate the bow range?
Using kinetic energy, arrow momentum, or maximal arrow travel distance, you can calculate bow range. On the other hand, you can use an archery calculator instead and input the necessary details for more accessible and precise answers.
Calculating a compound bow range independently can be challenging, especially if you have difficulty with mathematics and numbers. Nonetheless, here are the following methods that can help you calculate compound bow range:
- Kinetic energy
- Arrow momentum
- Maximal arrow travel distance
The amount of kinetic energy the arrow has determines how much force it carries. Using a heavy arrow increases the compound bow’s kinetic energy. However, the arrow will progressively spiral downwards due to gravity resulting in a lower compound bow range.
Contradictorily, lighter arrows have a positive effect on your compound bow range. That’s why bowhunters using heavy arrows try to shoot within a range of fewer than 35 yards, making it their compound bow’s effective travel distance.
Since kinetic energy is critical in ethically killing the target, the archer must compromise the compound bow range, resulting in a shorter effective travel distance than those in target archery.
Like kinetic energy, you need to identify the arrow’s weight and speed to get the arrow’s momentum. Although it is similar to kinetic energy, arrow momentum favors heavy projectiles rather than speed. Lighter arrows increase kinetic energy but reduce the momentum value of the arrow.
As a result, you are compromising the penetration depth of your arrow if you choose to use the lighter ones. For instance, if you join a big game hunting, you need at least 65 ft lbs kinetic energy and 6.7 fps lbs arrow momentum.
It means that the bigger the target, the higher the kinetic energy and the lower the arrow momentum needed. That’s why if you have noticed, bowhunters use arrows with heavy broadheads for greater penetration but shoot within their effective range for increased chances of killing ethically.
Maximal arrow travel distance refers to the point at which the arrow stops moving and the assumption that the arrow shot at a particular angle, such as a 45-degree or 10-degree angle. For instance, arrows shot at a 45-degree angle have a higher compound bow range than the ones shot at a 10-degree angle.
Let’s look at Diamond Archery Infinite 305 Compound Bow with an IBO speed rating of 305 fps. If we follow the formula of the 45-degree angle maximal arrow travel distance (fps)^2/24.1, you will reach a compound bow range of 3859.96 yards.
Meanwhile, if you shoot at a 10-degree angle, your compound bow range is 329.91, following its (fps)^2/282 formula. It may not seem an effective range, but it is more a realistic shooting angle than the other.
Rather than making your life complicated using the methods above, you can always opt to use an archery calculator instead to do the math for you in a precise manner. In addition, the room for error in using an archery calculator is lesser than in manually computing the compound bow range by yourself.
Aside from the methods introduced above, you can also do a few steps to help you determine your effective compound bow range:
Step 1: Take a shot starting at 10 yards. Mark a 10-inch or preferably 8-inch circle kill zone on the target. If you hit the kill zone, move 5 yards back and repeat until you miss.
Step 2: After doing step 1, it’s time to shoot at matching conditions based on the scenario you encounter when hunting. You can wear your hunting clothes and begin shooting during the typical temperature and weather you usually face.
For example, you can do this step during low-light conditions mimicking deer hunts. Try shooting from the further distance you achieved from step 1. If you fail to hit the kill zone, move 5 yards closer and do it again.
Step 3: Find a hunting video online that can help stimulate your skills and elevate your heart rate like you are in the actual situation. Draw your bow and release your arrows at the distance you achieved in step 2.
If you missed the kill zone, move 5 yards closer and repeat until successful.
Step 4: Run around the area to stimulate your adrenaline. Draw your bow back while running and take the shot. If you hit the mark successfully, you can proceed to step 5. If not, repeat the process and move 5 yards closer.
Step 5: Do this step after a day or two. When the day comes, avoid doing a warm-up shooting and instead wear your hunting clothes and run around the yard.
Once you get your heart pumping, pull back your bow and release your arrow from the distance you achieved in step 4.
Do step 5 for two more days. You’ll know you could determine your effective range if you can shoot the mark three times. However, if you miss the kill zone, move 5 yards and repeat the final step.
There are many ways to calculate a compound range. You can opt to use an archery calculator or do the procedure above.
How to improve your bow’s shot range?
Shooting at a far distance and, at the same time, hitting the target accurately seems cool. Luckily, you can improve your bow’s shot range by doing the following: practicing, using accessories, tuning your bow, changing arrows, achieving a clean release, relaxing, and shooting at a 45-degree angle.
Compound bow range can change depending on an archer’s skill and a few factors. For archers who want to increase their compound bow range, enumerated below are the following factors you can improvise to expand your effective range:
One thing that limits you from shooting your bow at a farther distance may have to do with your shooting form. If you notice a poor proper shooting form, consult a professional to teach you. Remember to be patient with yourself and practice slowly.
It takes practice to hit the target above your current effective range. You can start by shooting at 30 yards and increase the range for about five to ten yards whenever you hit the target accurately.
With frequent practice, you will also be able to maintain proper shooting posture throughout the shot, resulting in the arrow traveling further than before.
B. Using accessories
Archery accessories like bow slights and slimmer bow grips can improve your compound bow range. For example, bow sights help you aim at a far distance; meanwhile, thinner grips aid in minimizing muscle soreness and preserving your stamina when shooting at long distances.
C. Tuning your bow
Bow tuning makes your bow become more powerful and feel new. Have your bow get tuned by a professional and explain your needs. If you want to expand your compound bow range, your local archery shop can tweak your bow’s draw weight to allow you to pull it back further than before, and its power accelerates.
Hence, you can maximize your bow’s performance and increase its range.
D. Changing arrows
Changing arrows can make a significant difference in your bow range. Arrows with heavier broadheads make a clean kill, but you also compromise your bow range.
Remember that lighter arrows fly farther than heavier ones. Try switching to lighter arrows, and notice that your compound bow range is higher than when using the previous ones.
However, lighter arrows get easily affected by environmental conditions that are out of your control, such as heavy winds.
E. Achieving a clean release
If you shoot with three fingers, you may want to do it with two fingers to achieve a clean release. Shooting with more than two fingers is a crowd, whereas shooting with only two fingers limits the archer’s contact with the bowstring.
You can also use a release aid that works well with you to boost your compound bow range immediately.
Imagine shooting with tensed muscles; you’ll either miss your target or get sore. Relaxing, especially during competitions and hunting, may seem strange since tension increases as your heartbeat increases.
Nonetheless, relaxing will help you find your shot effectiveness, and your compound bow range improves by putting less effort into your shot.
Tensed fingers result in unclean releases reducing distance. Also, there is no harm in relaxing; instead makes you shoot smoothly.
G. Shooting at a 45-degree angle
If you want to achieve long-range shots, shooting your arrow at a 45-degree angle does the trick. Although it makes your arrow travel further than a 10-degree angle shot, your shooting effectiveness and accuracy suffer.
You can make all the changes above or select which ones work well for you. Although shooting at far distances seems cool, compromising your shooting accuracy may not be the best idea. Therefore, be mindful of your compound bow range and always stick to your effective travel distance.
Compound bow range can change over time; some may improve while some may not. It all depends on your skills as an archer and the steps you take to improve your range. Most importantly, first, identify your compound bow’s effective travel distance to know at what range you will likely aim properly and work your way up slowly.